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Everything You Need to Know About Acupuncture – Benefits,Types,Points And Cases That Improved After Acupuncture



It is a branch of alternative medicine that was practiced in ancient China since 1368, brought to the UK in 1810, passed to the US during the period of President Nixon in 1972, and in 1995 it was recognized as a medical device by the food and drug association.

Acupuncture is practiced by inserting special needles at certain points with specific depth in the body. In ancient China, these needles were made of gold, silver, bamboo, bones, and stones. Nowadays, they are made of stainless steel and are small, single used, sterilized, and non-toxic. These needles differ from the ordinary syringe because the latter are hollow and used to inject fluid inside the body or draw blood from it while acupuncture needles are solid and much smaller.

What are the types of acupuncture?

Acupuncture has many types including

Body puncture

It is the most practiced type of acupuncture. It targets many points all over the body, and these points are where the body’s energy flows through. When the needle pierces the body point, it gives a dull, deep, and itchy feeling that subside after a little while. Body acupuncture points are located deep into the skin and close to tendons and muscles.

Ear puncture

It is the 2nd most known and used acupuncture and considered a reflexology medicine. Ear reflexology points in the ears, and each point represents a specific body area. These points called auricular points, and they are in active-inactive status according to the body area that represents it. When these areas are diseased or have an issue, the point will be active; otherwise, they are in an inactive status. When the needle pierces into the auricular points, it gives a sharp and piercing sensation different from the body points puncture sensation. Auricular points are shallow and close to the ear cartilage, also known as auricular cartilage, and this is where these points got their name.


It shares the same idea of acupuncture, but instead of using needles to pierce the skin, it uses pressure on specific body points. Acupressure was practiced way back in ancient China, and it is a part of traditional Chinese medicine.


It is modern acupuncture, where electric current is added to the needles. These electrical current replicates nerve impulses and improves nerve conduction. The body points are choked with a 2 Hz electrical charge, except the points of the scalp are choked with 100 Hz. This acupuncture is used widely in treating headaches, especially migraines. The number of migraines can be reduced after 20 sessions.

Magnets puncture

It has two types of magnets: electrical or static types. Static magnets are ordinary magnets, while electrical magnets are magnets with electrical charges. These magnets are placed on the same points of acupuncture. It is believed that the body contains magnetic discharges and these magnets can help with getting these charges back to their normal status.

Moxibustion puncture

It was used in ancient China to treat what was believed as cold diseases. Moxibustion uses Chinese and traditional herbs on top of the needles. Each herb has unique properties for specific types of disease or disorder.

Heat puncture

It is practiced by adding fire or heat source to the needles, which belief to regulate the unbalanced body temperature if the body has too much cold or yin energy. When the heat is added to the needles, it is transmitted into the body tissue to treat the issue.

Cupping puncture

It is an alternative medicine that has been used since the ancient Egyptian, as it shows in their drawing on their walls. It begins with applying small and shallow cuts on the skin and then add glass cups on top of these cuts to draw blood. It removes toxins and improves blood circulation. It is usually used side by side of acupuncture to get the best results.

Injection therapy puncture

It is the latest trend in the acupuncture world, where acupuncture is combined with the injection of certain substances through acupuncture points. These substances include antibiotic, analgesic, Chinese and traditional herbs, and vitamins to increase the effectiveness of acupuncture.

What are the acupuncture points?

To understand acupuncture points, some terms should be explained to know how they work.In ancient China, it was believed that the body has energy channels called meridians that QI or vital life energy is passing through them. These meridians are not visible and are connected to form a network. They are 12 main channels and 8 special channels, and each meridian has a specific number of acupuncture points.

These 12 channels include

  • Lung meridian which contains 11 points and refers to them as LU-1 to LU-11
  • Heart meridian, which contains 9 points and refers to them as HT-1 to HT-9
  • Pericardium meridian, which contains 9 points and refers to them as Ps-1 to Ps-9
  • Triple burner meridian, which contains 23 points and refers to them as TE-1 to TE-23
  • Small intestine meridian, which contains 19 points and refers to them as SI-1 to SI-19
  • Large intestine meridian, which contains 20 points and refers to them as LI-1 to LI-20
  • Spleen meridian, which contains 21 points and refers to them as SP-1 to SP-21
  • kidney meridian, which contains 27 points and refers to them as KD-1 to KD-27
  • liver meridian, which contains 14 points and refers to them as Liv-1 to Liv-14
  • gallbladder meridian, which contains 44 points and refers to them as Gb-1 to Gb-44
  • urinary bladder meridian, which contains 67 points and refers to them as BL-1 to BL-67
  • stomach meridian, which contains 45 points and refers to them as ST-1 to ST-45

The special channels or vessels are 8, but 2 of them are the most important

  • Governing vessels are in front of the spine

It contains 28 points and refers to them as Du-1 to Du-28

  • Conception vessels are in the middle of the abdomen.

It contains 24 points and refers to them as Ren-1 to Ren-24


In the ancient China, they believe that the body contains 365. But in 1989 WHO agreed there were 361 points in the body, but in reality, they are 670 because they are on both sides except for the special vessels. After that, 48 more points were added because of their effectiveness and how they were used. Each acupuncturist has his or her points map and their way of using them. These points were recognized by a hole in the skin that gave a dull and aching sensation when pierced by a needle, and that sensation lasted for only seconds. But these days, they can be found by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. The points show less skin resistance than normal skin surrounding them.


Types of points

They are classified according to their relation to the body structure.

  • Type 1 points are related to the muscles in the connection between the muscle and the nerve.
  • Type 2 points are related to the superficial nerves in the middle of the body.
  • Type 3 points are related to the nerves and nerve plexuses.
  • Type 4 points are related to the tendons where they connect to the joints.

What are the benefits of acupuncture points?

Acupuncture benefits come from the function of each acupuncture point. Each point applies to a particular body area and produces a given function when pierced by a needle. Studies show that acupuncture is effective in treating chronic pain, which can be augmented by other traditional Chinese medicine such as herbal medicine. It is believed that acupuncture is a symptomatic treatment, but it does not treat the leading cause of the disease or the disorder. The acupuncture needles are left for 5 to half an hour, and patients with chronic pain usually need 1 to 2 sessions a week for 2 to 3 months. The effect and the action of acupuncture are ambiguous, but some believe it balances body energy and functions, or it is a neurological effect, and some believe it might be a placebo effect.

Here are some benefits of acupuncture:

  • Helps to elevate the mood and treat mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, eating disorder, and panic attack.
  • Fights against infection, reduces inflammation, boosts the immune system and reduces the pain
  • Treats headache, migraine, sinusitis, and insomnia
  • Soothes muscle spasm, bone and joint stiffness, tennis elbow, frozen shoulder, neck pain, lower back pain, shoulder tendinitis, sciatica, and hip bursitis.
  • Helps against autoimmune diseases such as arthritis and fibromyalgia
  • Reduces the pain of premenstrual syndrome, sciatica, and temporomandibular joint.

Some acupuncture points are common and effective, including

Urinary bladder channel points

  • BL13 is responsible for lung diseases and disorders such as asthma, sore throat, cough, and bronchitis.
  • B14 is responsible for heart-related problems, including chest pain, palpitation, and shortness of the breath.
  • B15 is an effective point in treating insomnia and can help with heart diseases.
  • BL18 is a focal point for liver diseases such as jaundice, hepatitis, and cirrhosis, and it eases the mood, which helps in treating emotional issues like anger and stress.
  • BL21 is responsible for treating stomach diseases and disorders, including abdominal pain, bloating, distention, and poor Appetite.
  • BL23 is the main point for kidney and sexual diseases for both men and women, such as infertility, impotence and irregular periods. It is effective against chronic pain, especially lower back Pain.


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